Conservation areas of Nepal

Published on: January 15, 2024
snow leopard

Api namba Conservation area

Located at far western side of Nepal this conservation area is established with the vision of conserving the biodiversity in the northern part of Darchula district. The government of Nepal declared the area into Api Namba Conservation Area (ANCA) on 2010 AD. This conservation area represents the idea of conserving the habitat of the biodiversity existing in that area. With an area of 1903 sq.km of Darchula district, the altitude vary from 539m-7132m.

The climatic condition generally categorized by alpine, sub-alpine as well as tropical vegetation. As usual northern territory is covered with snow and mid hills has average temperatures about 18degree Celsius. June to September is monsoon period with high intensity of rainfall.

Due to variation of altitude there are variety of wildlife available. The commonly seen animals are Himalayan Tahr, Blue Sheep, Musk Deer, Langur, Jackle etc. The endanger species includes Snow Leopard, Red panda, Himalayan musk deer etc. The area includes limited to common species of fluttering butterfly as well.

The endangered to common species of birds are Daphne (Impeyan Pheasant), Snow Cock, Blood Pheasant, Red billed chough, and Yellow-billed chough, menial etc.

Annapurna conservation area

Established with an area of 7629 sq. km in 1992 AD Annapurna conservation area consist of Himalayan range of Annapurna to deepest gorges of river Kaligandagi. The area also consist of dry valley of mustang bordering Tibet on the north. Being one of the largest conservation area Annapurna is rich in its biodiversity as it treasures 1226 species of flowering plants, 105 mammal, 518 birds, 40 reptiles and 23 amphibians.

The region have some of the largest Rhododendron forest in place known as Ghorepani, Tilicho lake in Manang is one of the picturesque and one of the high altitude fresh water lake.

The cultural diversity of people is equally taken care as well. The Gurung and magar dominates the southern part where as northern part is for thakali people. Each one of the community have their own language and unique traditions. Beside these community of people Brahmin, chetteri and other people are lesser in head count but are equal contributors in the society. Hindu and Buddhism mixture tends to be dominant religion of people residing in this area.

The beauty of the place along with natural features Annapurna Conservation Area is one of the major and popular tourist destination of the country attracting the trekkers. Over the years tourism has been supporting the local economy as well.

Manaslu conservation Area

Manaslu conservation area was established in 1998 AD by government of Nepal. Having an area of 1663 sq.km the area consists 33 species of mammals, 110 species of birds, 11 species of reptiles and approx. 2000 species of plants. The altitude rises from 600m and above. The region has lot to offer for trekkers and adventure lovers. The beautiful landscapes to mountains, high altitude lakes to rich cultural as well as biological diversity. The rare species of wildlife including Snow leopard, Musk Deer, Red Fox, Himalayan bear and others. Tibetan Snow cock, Himalayan Griffon, Golden Eagle, are some exotic birds with variety of vegetation.

The influence of Tibetan culture can be seen as the place holds may Buddhist monastery. The monks and lamas from monastery are some of the active members in order to preserve wildlife as well. Most of the people in this region rely on agriculture and tourism and trade.

The climatic variation includes tropical to artic. Some places lies below river basins of Budhi Gandaki, Myarsangdi etc. such places have tropical climate. Frost and snow falls are common in winters starting from December to May. November to February is the best time to visit this place even it snows it on the higher altitudes in nearby mountains. June to September is monsoon period as rainfall is high.

Gaurisankar Conservation Area

The place covers an area of 2179 sq. km and consist of three district and they are Sindupalchowk, Dolakha, and Ramechhap. The place is full natural, cultural and historical importance. The presence of diverse ethnic communities of Sherpa, Tamang, Newar, Gurung, Chhetri, and Brahmin follows the Hinduism and Buddhism and mixed culture can be seen. The area also boarders Sagarmatha National Park and Langtang National Park. The government of Nepal gazette the place as conservation area in July 2010 AD whereas the government of Nepal has entrusted the management responsible of Gaurisankar Conservation Area to National Trust for Nature Conservation for over 20 years.

The place consist of vegetation as Oak forest, Juniper forest, Rhododendron forest, bushes and scrubs. The place is home to 565 species of plants, 35 species of mammals, 16 species of fresh water fish, and 235 species of birds as well. The maximum area of the region is covered with forest followed by cultivable lands, grassland and glaciers.

The place is rich in water resources and is one of the major source of hydro power energy. Lately GCA is focused on forest management, tourism promotion and avoiding exotic wildlife crimes. The local communities are also actively participating and making other people aware about importance of nature and wildlife.

Kanchenjunga conservation area

Established in 1998 AD covering an area of 2035 sq. km, the place is located in Taplejung district in northern corner of Nepal. The district consist of various peaks as well. This conservation areas boarders China in Northern side. The area is mostly influenced by Tibetan culture as well.

Having sub-tropical evergreen forest and deciduous forest species like Schima Wallichii, Engeelhardita Spicata to Rhododendron, oaks, pines, Himalayan Larches etc. and many others. The place consist of alpine to tropical vegetation. The place is home to 252 species of birds, 22 species of mammals, 82 species insect including fluttering butterfly, 5 species of freshwater fish and others.
The place also holds goods number of Snow Leopard often regarded as Gods pet in kanchangunja region by locals. The local community with collaboration with KCAP (Kanchenjunga Area Conservation Project) at Ghunsa is extremely trying to preserve this creatures even though this creature’s hunt down the livestock of people living in this region.

Krishnasar Conservation Area

The smallest conservation area in Bardiya district with an area of 16.95 sq. km. established in 2009 AD with the view of conserving black bucks which is an endangered species. The population of this animal was gone to total 9 number in 1975 but with consistently preserving later in 1990 it raised to 177. To protect this species, a guard post was established on site at 1975 Ad, later it was converted into Conservation area. Even though this place has small area but is very special as it focuses on only species which shows the interest and respect to ecosystem by some people of Nepal.

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