Wildlife and Hunting Reserve in Nepal

Published on: January 15, 2024
Nepal wildlife and Hunting Reserve

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Type: Wildlife Reserve
Established: 1976
Area (sq. km.): 176.00

This wildlife reserve lies on the flood plains of Shapta Koshi River in south east of terai plain. It is the only and smallest wildlife reserve of Nepal. This reserve was established in order to protect and preserve the habitat for only remaining population of wild buffalo, Arna.

The vegetation comprises tall grassland and local villages are permitted to collect that grass once a year. This grass are used for roof thatching and building house walls. The reserve have small patch of Khair, Sisoo, and deciduous forest. This place holds last surviving population of wild buffalo and the estimated number tends to be around 159 in the wilderness of reserve. They have much larger horn then that of normal domestic buffalos. The reserve is also home to other species like Hog deer, Wild Boar, Spotted Deer, Blue Bull, and Rock Python.

The reserve was reported with having 441 species of birds and 14 endemic species including 20 duck species, 2 Ibis, white tailed stonechat, 30 shore birds and 140 water birds. The Koshi River is home to 80 species of fish. The Barrage of Koshi is important resting place of migrating birds.

The endangered Gharial crocodile and gigantic dolphin have been recorded on river as well. The migrating birds can be seen mostly on winter season on river channel. Many wildlife visit during dusk and dawn in around Koshi Barrage in order to drink water. The clear sky allows to see the Himalayas as well.

The reserve have insanely hot climate during summer (Feb-May). The monsoon starts late in May/ June and last until September bring heavy rainfall. The rainfall is heavy and humid. Winter (October- January) is characterized by clear sky and moderate temperature however mornings and evenings are really chilly.

Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve

The only hunting reserve in Nepal is Dhorpatan hunting reserve. This place adjoins the districts of Rukum, Madge, and Baglung in the west Nepal surrounded with Dhaulagiri range in most part. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve was established in 1983 AD and officially open to hunt in 1987 AD only for foreigners. The reserve allow hunting sports and preserves high altitude ecosystem of Nepal. The higher elevation of this reserve stays snow-covered all over the year. Altitudes range starts from 3000m and above. The flat meadows above tree line (4000m) are locally known as patan and is home for blue sheep, Himalayan tahr, and many other animals. The place also have some endangered animals and birds like musk deer, wolf, cheer pheasant, and Danphe as well.

The reserve is divided into seven section for best management of sport, avoiding poaching and preserving and representing ecosystem. The reserve is surrounded with villages on all side except for the north. Local people depends on the timber, fuel wood, and pasture for their lively hood. More than 80,000 livestock enter the reserve for gazing. The majority of people residing in that area Magars, thakali and gurung. Mixture of such ethnic groups has resulted in mixed pattern of cultures.

The reserve comprises of alpine and sub alpine vegetation. Commonly found species includes Fir, Pine, Birch, Rhododendron, Oak, Juniper, and Spruce. The reserve is one of the prime habitat of Blue sheep along with wild boar, barking deer, wild boar, Himalayan black beer, Barking dear etc. and many more. Pheasants and Partridge are common birds in this reserve.

Endangered animal of the reserve includes Musk Deer, Red Panda, Cheer Pheasant, and Danphe.

The monsoon last until beginning of October in this region. The temperature during the day is low and windy in winters. Higher spots is covered with clouds in morning and swept away by winds later. Snow fall happens even in lower regions until April. However it melts fast and the best time to visit is March- April.

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